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Every little bit helps the NCF to influence the cryptologic future by sharing our educational resources, stimulating new knowledge, and commemorating our heritage. Recognizing the accomplishments of female pioneers and leaders in cryptology and related fields is a powerful tool for inspiring young women to consider science and technology careers. On this you will find a selection of celebrated women in the field of cryptology and related fields. You will also find links for learning more. The Women in Cryptologic History exhibit at the National Cryptologic Museum highlights the contributions of twenty-four women who have helped create cryptologic history.
See the links to each part noted below. However, this female pioneer in code breaking was actually the one to introduce him to the field. Click on the film ad below to learn more.
Elizebeth Friedman was a wife, mother, writer, Shakespeare enthusiast, cryptanalyst, and pioneer in U. She enjoyed many successes in cryptology in her own right and has been dubbed "America's first female cryptanalyst. She was a pioneer cryptologist and a Navy code breaker. One Navy admiral described her as "without peer as a cryptanalyst. Hitt probably never suspected she would one day be described as "the U. Government's first female cryptologist. She likely developed an interest in cryptology alongside her husband, Colonel Parker Hitt.
Hitt demonstrated a clear knack for cipher work and aside from a brief visit to Riverbank Laboratories, was self-taught. She has also been Woman looking nsa Wilcox with assisting in the preparation and compilation of her husband's seminal work, Manual for the Solution of Military Cipherspublished by the Army in Grace Murray Hopper - At the age of seven, she was already taking apart alarm clocks, determined to figure out how they worked. A pioneer in the field, she was one of the first programmers of the Harvard Mark I computer inand invented the first compiler for a computer programming language.
She popularized the idea of machine-independent programming languages, which led to the development of COBOL, one of the first high-level programming languages. She is credited with popularizing the term "debugging" for fixing computer glitches inspired by an actual moth removed from the computer.
Owing to the breadth of her accomplishments and her naval rank, she is sometimes referred to as "Amazing Grace. You can also find a link to learn more about the creative illustrations of Grace by Rachel Ignotofsky located below. To see an entertaining clip of her with Dave Letterman. You can also learn more about her contributions via this Cryptologic Bytes article. She helped pioneer the application of early computers in cryptanalysis and established a laboratory for studying new communications phenomena.
Her expertise and professionalism responding to tough intelligence problems brought her rapid advancement at NSA. Inshe was promoted to supergrade and inshe became the first woman at NSA to be promoted to GS She continued her education eventually earning her Ph. Botsai spent twelve years in Operations before she was selected as the first woman to serve as the NSA representative in the White House Situation Room. After her two-year tour in this position, she was asked to return as the Deputy Director of the White House Situation Room. She held this position until Inshe became the first woman to be Deputy Director of Operations, and in she reached the highest civilian position at NSA when she was named the Agency's Deputy Director.
McNamara received several prestigious awards, and in Juneshe received the Intelligence Community's highest award, the National Intelligence Distinguished Service Medal. McNamara retired in She is now a Director on several company boards and is a consultant to the Institute of Defense Analyses.
Read her Hall of Honor entry. Debora Plunkett is a trailblazer with over 30 years of experience as a cybersecurity leader. As one of few women in leadership roles in the agency, she was a supportive mentor to women at varying points in their careers.
Sadly, we lost Lee in January Learn more about her life and career via her in our In Memoriam Registry. Loyce Pailena doctor of management and senior director of the Center for Security Studies at University of Maryland Global Campus UMGChas more than 35 years of experience in information technology, including work in cybersecurity, software development, project management, telecommunications, risk management, and network and systems security and administration.
Department of Defense. Pailen has provided project leadership for instructional de and subject-matter expertise for major graduate, undergraduate, and community college information systems security curriculum development projects. In addition to her work in the field, Dr. Her series has helped to educate children around the world about topics related to cybersecurity.
Ada Lovelace Augusta Ada Byron, Countess of Lovelace - The daughter of famed poet Lord Byron, Ada Lovelace was a gifted mathematician and is credited with having written instructions for the first computer program. While translating an article for Charles Babbage about Babbage's engine, she added her own notes and ideas which ended up being much longer than the original article. In her article, she described how codes could be developed to handle letters and symbols, as well as s.
She also theorized a method for the device to repeat a series of instructions, a process now known as looping. She contributed many forward-thinking concepts in her article and for her work is considered the first computer programmer.
Though her work was published, she only ed it with her initials and the article received little attention at the time. Her contributions to the field of computer science were not discovered until the s. Since then, Ms. Lovelace has received many posthumous honors for her work. Inthe U. Department of Defense named a newly developed computer language "Ada," after Ms.
Each year Ada Lovelace Day is celebrated internationally in October to recognize the achievements of women in science, technology, engineering and maths STEM. Hedy Lamarr - Well known for her role as a movie star and a beauty icon, Hedy Lamarr Woman looking nsa Wilcox less well known Woman looking nsa Wilcox her invention of spread spectrum technology.
By manipulating radio frequencies at irregular intervals between transmission and reception, the invention formed an unbreakable code to prevent classified messages from being intercepted by enemy personnel. Needless to say, this achieved great things for U. Learn more in this article about Ms.
Also - in case you missed the Google Doodle celebrating Hedy Lamarr - check it out here. There is even an animated version of the inventor! Wilma Davis - With a degree in mathematics and a Navy correspondence course on cryptology, Wilma Davis was hired to work in the Army's al Intelligence Service in the late s. Her first asment was with the Italian diplomatic codes, which she exploited until when she transferred to the Japanese problem.
Within two years, she was the head of the department that solved and processed intercepted Japanese Army code messages. At the end of the war, she moved on to the Chinese team and then to the Venona Project trying to break Soviet messages. Visit Ms. Davis's in our In Memoriam Registry for more information about her. About of these patriotic women ed the Navy starting in to help build and work on U. Navy Cryptanalytic Bombes that would solve the four-rotor problem persisting in the Atlantic. Because of the secrecy of the work going on, WAVES at the National Cash Register Company where the machines were built had to show their identification to the Marines standing guard to enter the room to which they were ased.
WAVES were never told implications of their work, nor the activities going on in other rooms or work spaces. They were not allowed to discuss their work with anyone outside their specific asment. Serving their country as nobly and proudly as anyone, they helped solve Enigma and win the Battle of the Atlantic. Communicationin this case telephone lines, are crucial to planning and coordinating military campaigns. Not only were these women expected to be experienced telephone operators, they also needed to speak both English and French since many of the American phone lines connected with the French lines.
These professional female operators became the first American women to serve in an official capacity in any sort of combat role in the U. You can also learn more in a article by Kaylah Jackson for ConnectingVets. Her book does the important work of bringing to light the key roles these women played.
Click on the title or cover to learn more. Watch a recording of Ms. Love reading about the Enigma machine and how it was broken? In her work of historical fiction called "The Cypher Bureau," author Eilidh McGinness puts the spotlight on the code-breaking successes made by the Polish Cypher Bureau in the s. Click on the cover to learn more. If you happen to be searching for records related to a "Code Girl" - Lebonick said having the name, maiden name, date of birth, employing agency, and location of employment can facilitate the search for Code Girl archives. Requests can be ed to STL.
Click the article title to view the article online.
For nearly 40 years, women code breakers helped identify those who passed American and Allied secrets to the Soviet Union during and after World War II. Their work unmasked such infamous spies as the British intelligence officer Kim Philby, the British diplomat Donald Maclean, the German-born scientist Klaus Fuchs and many others.
They provided vital intelligence about Soviet tradecraft. Their work was so highly classified that President Harry Truman likely did not know about it. Oct Smithsonian Magazine article primarily featuring how Liza Mundy's book documents the triumphs and challenges of more than 10, women who worked behind the scenes of wartime intelligence. Soon she was staying in a brownstone in Georgetown and training in cryptography.
She recalls what inspired her to want to serve her country in this way and recalls the work as amazing, important, and fun. She secretly relayed coded messages to the British military before France's liberation in August, and used the knitting she carried as a way to hide her codes. For seventy years, Doyle's contributions to the war effort were largely unheralded, but she was finally given her due in when she was awarded France's highest honor, the Chevalier of the Legion of Honour.
Click on the article title to learn more. Many of these Goucher students, along with selected students from the class ofwent on to work on the top secret mission of decoding the complex German Enigma code machine. The tour highlights 18 of the tens of thousands of women who have made contributions to American cryptologic history from the Revolutionary War through the current conflict in Iraq. Women have been involved in all aspects of cryptology, including collection, cryptography, cryptanalysis, computers, languages, and various forms of intelligence.
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Sharing the Burden: Women in Cryptology during World War II